Devils top Bruins with OT buzzer beater — Sentinel and Enterprise

NEWARK, N.J. — Egor Sharangovich scored his first NHL goal in the final seconds of overtime to propel the New Jersey Devils to a 2-1 victory over the Boston Bruins on Saturday. MacKenzie Blackwood made 27 saves and picked up his first victory of the season. Miles Wood also scored for the second consecutive game…

Devils top Bruins with OT buzzer beater — Sentinel and Enterprise

Paul George says playoff struggles were fuel, “I’m coming back with vengeance” — ProBasketballTalk | NBC Sports

“After the tough year last year, it was the only way I could respond.”

Paul George says playoff struggles were fuel, “I’m coming back with vengeance” — ProBasketballTalk | NBC Sports

Celtics Notebook: Jaylen Brown’s growth expands to playmaking — Boston Herald

The conditions were set Friday for another breakout scoring night for Jaylen Brown – no Jayson Tatum, clearly minor scoring options beyond himself, and an Orlando team not really up to the task of defending. Instead, the Celtics guard spread the wealth with his 21-point performance, including a career high-tying eight assists in just 25…

Celtics Notebook: Jaylen Brown’s growth expands to playmaking — Boston Herald

Raptors-Hornets pregame notes

RAPTORS NOTES
• The Toronto Raptors continue a five-game homestand by hosting the Charlotte Hornets at Amalie Arena on Saturday. Including the preseason, this will be the fourth game the Raptors and Hornets have played in the last month.
Toronto has won 15 of the last 21 regular-season meetings against Charlotte since 2015. A win Saturday would secure at least a season-series split against the Hornets for the sixth time since 2014-15.
• Toronto is the only team remaining in the NBA that has not faced an opponent with a sub .500 record entering the game. Opponents had at least a .500 record through the first 11 games. Toronto was 32-5 last season when facing opponents with a sub .500 record.
• Toronto tied a season-high by making 20 3-pointers on 50 attempts Jan. 14 vs. Charlotte. It marks the second time this season the Raptors have attempted 50 or more 3-pointers in a game (last: Dec. 31 vs. New York) and fourth time overall in franchise history. Toronto also had two games last season with 50+ three-pointer attempts. Since 2015-16 the Raptors are one of nine franchises that have recorded 50+ three-pointers in a game multiple times – Houston (62), Dallas (11), Brooklyn (9), Milwaukee (8), Atlanta (4), Toronto (4), Boston (3), Oklahoma City (2).
Fred VanVleet (5) and Kyle Lowry (4) combined on nine three-pointers to lead Toronto Jan. 14 vs. Charlotte. A total of six players contributed multiple three-pointers against the Hornets, while all five players that came off the
bench contributed at least one. Toronto is averaging 19.0 three-pointers in its three wins this season, compared to 14.9 in eight losses.
Kyle Lowry became the first player in franchise history to record 4,000 career assists Jan. 14 vs. Charlotte. Lowry is currently the longest serving player on the Raptors roster (nine seasons) and the franchise’s all-time leader in
three-pointers made (1,417), assists (4,011) and steals (840). According to the Elias Sports Bureau, he is 64 points away from joining Stephen Curry (Golden State) and Damian Lillard (Portland) as the only active players to
recorded 10,000 points and 4,000 assists with their current team.
Chris Boucher tied a career-high by scoring 25 points Jan. 14 vs. Charlotte. He shot 8-for-12 from the field, including two three-pointers and 7-for-8 at the free throw line. Boucher also led the team with 10 rebounds for his
ninth career double-double (last: Jan. 8 at Sacramento) and fourth game with 20 points and 10 rebounds. Through 11 games this season Boucher has scored 15+ points six times (last: Jan. 14 vs. Charlotte). He had a career-best seven games last season with 15+ points. Boucher is one of seven undrafted players on Toronto’s roster. His also scored 25 points Aug. 10, 2020 against Milwaukee at the NBA Restart in Orlando.
Fred VanVleet has made at least one three-pointer in a franchise-record 43 consecutive games (Dec. 20, 2019 -Jan. 14, 2021). He passed the previous record of 38 games set by C.J. Miles (Dec. 10, 2017 – Mar. 15, 2018). VanVleet is the eighth player in franchise history to record 400 three-pointers. He joins Steph Curry, Buddy Hield and Joe Harris with active three-point streaks of 40+ games.

Leafs-Sens pregame notes

TORONTO MAPLE LEAFS (1-1-0 – 2 Points) vs.

OTTAWA SENATORS (1-0-0 – 2 Points)

JANUARY 16, 2021 ▪ 7:00 PM EST

CANADIAN TIRE CENTRE (OTTAWA, ON) ▪
TV: SPORTSNET ▪ RADIO: TSN 1050

MAPLE LEAFS HISTORY versus OTTAWA

ALL-TIME RECORD:56-54-3-11 (124 Games)
ALL-TIME ON THE ROAD:25-32-1-4 (62 Games)
2020-21:0-1-0
LAST FIVE:3-2-0
LAST 10:6-4-0

MAPLE LEAFS CAREER LEADERS versus OTTAWA

GAMES PLAYED:Joe Thornton (56), John Tavares (35), Wayne Simmonds (29)
GOALS:Joe Thornton (16), Auston Matthews (13), Wayne Simmonds (10)
ASSISTS:Joe Thornton (29), John Tavares (14), William Nylander (11)
POINTS:Joe Thornton (45), Auston Matthews (22), John Tavares (22)
PENALTY MINUTES:Joe Thornton (57), Wayne Simmonds (36), Zach Bogosian (23)

MAPLE LEAFS – SENATORS TEAM STATS

 TORONTOOTTAWA
GOALS FOR (Rank):8 (t-4th)(t-7th)
GOALS AGAINST (Rank):       (27th)(t-8th)
POWER PLAY [%] (Rank):4/9 [44.4%] (3rd)1/5 [20.0%] (18th)
PENALTY KILL [%] (Rank):5/8 [62.5%] (25th)3/5 [60.0%] (26th)
SHOTS (Rank):57 (t-6th)24 (t-25th)
5-on-5 SHOT ATTEMPTS FOR (Rank):86 (3rd)37 (22nd)
5-on-5 SHOT ATTEMPT % (Rank):50.6% (t-13th)51.4% (t-11th)
FACEOFF % (Rank):54.6% (t-7th)44.8% (24th)

MAPLE LEAFS – SENATORS NOTES

First Matchup between Clubs:Oct. 20, 1992 (Toronto 5, Ottawa 3)
All-Time Record:56-54-3-11 (124 Games)
All-Time Record at Home:31-22-2-7 (62 Games)
All-Time Record on the Road:25-32-1-4 (62 Games)
Last Win vs. Opponent on the Road:Feb. 15, 2020 (Toronto 4, Ottawa 2)
  

MAPLE LEAFS LEADERS

CATEGORYLEADER
GOALS2 (Nylander, Tavares)
ASSISTS3 (Tavares)
POINTS5 (Tavares)
POWER PLAY POINTS(Tavares)
SHORTHANDED POINTSN/A
PIMs15 (Simmonds)
SHOTS10 (Matthews)
FACEOFF WIN%100% (Four players tied)
5-on-5 SHOT ATTEMPT %60.6% (Matthews)
BLOCKED SHOTS5 (Muzzin)
TAKEAWAYS1 (Nine players tied)
HITS(Hyman)
TOI PER GAME25:59 (Rielly)
PP TOI PER GAME4:32 (Matthews)
SH TOI PER GAME4:41 (Holl)

MAPLE LEAFS PLAYER NOTES

Frederik Andersen– Has made 47 saves through two games, which ranks fourth among NHL goaltenders. 
TJ Brodie– Averaging 21:58 in ice time through two games this season, which ranks second among Toronto defencemen. 
Jack Campbell– Has a 3-2-1 record with a .915 save percentage and a 2.63 goals-against average with the Maple Leafs since being acquired on February 5, 2020.
Justin Holl– Ranks ninth among NHL defencemen in shorthanded ice time per game (4:41).
Zach Hyman–  One of seven NHLers to play at least 25 minutes of 5-on-5 ice time with no offensive zone starts.
Alex Kerfoot– Has five points (2-3-5) in seven career games against Ottawa. 
Mitch Marner– Ranks second among NHL forwards in time on ice per game (26:21).- Has 16 points (six goals, 10 assists) in 15 games against the Senators.
Auston Matthews– Averaging 24:04 in time on ice per game, which ranks third among NHL forwards.- Has a team-high 5-on-5 shot attempt percentage of 60.6%.- Averaging 22.66 shot attempts per 60 minutes of 5-on-5 ice time, which ranks sixth among NHL forwards who have appeared in multiple games.
Ilya Mikheyev– Ranks second among Maple Leafs forwards in shorthanded ice time per game (2:47).- Averaging 22.14 shot attempts per 60 minutes of 5-on-5 ice time, which ranks seventh among NHL forwards who have appeared in multiple games.
Jake Muzzin– Averaging 7.70 shots per 60 minutes of 5-on-5 ice time, which leads Maple Leafs defencemen.
William Nylander– Has points (2-2-4) in two consecutive games to begin the season. – Averaging the highest points per 60 minutes at 5-on-5 (4.99) among Toronto skaters.
Morgan Rielly– Leads all NHLers who have appeared in multiple games in average time on ice (25:59).- Has the highest 5-on-5 shot attempt percentage among Maple Leafs defencemen (55.8%) through two games.
John Tavares– Tied for the NHL lead in points (2-3-5) through two games.- Leads all NHL skaters in power play shot attempts (7).- Has the fourth-highest faceoff win percentage (61.3%) among NHLers who have taken at least 30 faceoffs.
Joe Thornton– Ranks second among Maple Leafs in 5-on-5 shot attempt percentage (60.3%).  
Jimmy Vesey– Tied for the team lead in penalties drawn (2).
  

CURRENT POINT STREAKS

Justin HollHas assists (2) in two consecutive games.
Zach HymanHas points (1-1-2) in two consecutive games.
William NylanderHas assists (2) and points (2-2-4) in two consecutive games.
John TavaresHas goals (2), assists (3) and points (2-3-5) in two consecutive games.
  

UPCOMING MILESTONES

Zach BogosianFour points from 200 NHL points
Wayne SimmondsOne point from 500 NHL points
  

RECENT MILESTONES

Alexander BarabanovFirst NHL game (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
Zach BogosianFirst game as a Maple Leaf (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
TJ BrodieFirst game as a Maple Leaf (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
Wayne SimmondsFirst game as a Maple Leaf (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
Jason Spezza600th NHL assist (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
Joe ThorntonFirst game as a Maple Leaf (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
Jimmy VeseyFirst game as a Maple Leaf (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
First goal as a Maple Leaf (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
First point as a Maple Leaf (Jan. 13 vs. MTL)
  

Sens 5, Leafs 3 quotes: “I just sensed that we had stopped playing.” — Sheldon Keefe.

SHELDON KEEFE

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: What did you sense and see from the group after that 2-1 goal in the second? 

Sheldon Keefe: I just sensed that we had stopped playing. We lost three or four shifts in a row coming off of that goal. As soon as we scored the goal the message on the bench was that we need to keep pushing. The reality is when you score a goal like that and you had control of the period the way that we did scoring that goal, for us, if we want to be a team that’s going to accomplish anything, the game should be over from there. We should be able to take care of the lead and then build on the lead. Obviously, we showed that we’re not there yet. 

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: What sort of adjustment period is a guy like TJ Brodie facing coming into a new team? A big, prominent role and without the preseason games he usually would have. 

Sheldon Keefe: I think all the new guys are adjusting to the system, to the new teammates, all those kind of things. It’s going to take time. I think TJ really has been fine for us. I thought he was a standout for us in the Montreal game. Nobody really was a standout for us here today, obviously, but Brodes has been fun. He plays the kind of game where you’ve got to watch it back on video and really focus on what he’s doing to really see the value in it. 

Q. Terry Koshan, Toronto Sun: How do you stress to the guys that there has to be more determination in bearing down in the defensive zone? 

Sheldon Keefe: We’ve just got to keep doing it. That’s been our message from day one. Part of it’s bearing down, part of it is just the structure pieces of it, making sure you’re on the right side of the puck, real fundamental things that at different times we weren’t very good at here today. That’s part of it. That’s part of it for sure. We’ve given up too many goals here through two games, that’s an area we wanted to get better in and obviously we’re not yet. That’s hurting us. At the same time, I think our offence has been very poor as well through both games despite the fact we got seven, plus the overtime goal I guess, so eight goals through two games. To me, offensively, we’re nowhere near where we need to be either. 

Q. Terry Koshan, Toronto Sun: Some nice possession in the second period capped by Alex’s goal, but when you have just 20-something shots overall against a team that hasn’t played in nearly a year, how does that get better within 24 hours? How do you get more at the net tomorrow night? 

Sheldon Keefe: I don’t see what the length of time from the last time they played matters. They’ve been back to practicing and scrimmaging, just like we have. In fact, they’ve been doing it longer than we have. I don’t think that’s a relevant part to anything, but it’s more about the style and how they played, how they compete. We knew they were going to be content to just stay on the inside and make it difficult for us there. We’re trying to speed up our game a lot offensively and challenge the net a lot more. We just haven’t done that. That’s going to take some time, that’s a big adjustment for a lot of our guys, but that’s something that we obviously need to do a better job of. You’re trying to set up the perfect shot and the perfect play towards the net, but there’s a great number of goals that are scored in the League that are just randomness. You just put the puck to space and try to outnumber the opposition and win loose pucks. That’s really all their goals, for the most part, came off situations like that. We had great control of the game for long periods of time, but didn’t accomplish much with it. That’s, again, another thing that’s been a message to our team since day one of camp, but it’s a big adjustment for our team. We’ll get there and playing against this team here again tomorrow night, and then the number of times that we do throughout the season with how they play, we’re going to get lots of practice at that. 

Q. Luke Fox, Sportsnet: What’s your assessment of Freddie’s play through two games here? 

Sheldon Keefe: I would say obviously too many pucks have gone in the net, but as we’ve talked about a number of times, that’s not all on him. We’ve got to do a better job in front of him. Lots of bodies, lots of loose pucks in and around the net here tonight. Lots of breakaways, stuff like that in the Montreal game to which he stood tall on, save for the one. There’s a lot more happening here where we need to improve in a lot of areas. I think Fred would probably agree that goaltending is one of them, but there’s a lot of other things happening out there that we’ve got to get better at.

Q. Luke Fox, Sportsnet: What’s your comfort level with the new power play units and when do you decide to go back to the unit from last season? 

Sheldon Keefe: We talked about it. We expected to use that unit from last season at different times. We’ve been getting in some practice reps and obviously used it today, used it a little bit in the Montreal game at different times. That said, we do feel like we need to give some time to those other units and those other looks and get more people involved. Not having exhibition games hasn’t given us ample time to really get a feel for what that can do to our team. Part of it is the effect it has on the powerplay itself and also the effects that it has outside of the powerplay with how you’re using people, how involved other people are in the game, spreading out minutes, all those kind of things and having defined roles for the players we’ve added. So we’ve got a lot happening there that’s not just about the success of the powerplay. We’re trying to see if we can have a greater outlook to it but yet still have success with the people that we have. Obviously we scored a powerplay goal in the first period and that was a big one for us. We gave it back just by a bad penalty and it compounded by a bad error, cheating on the penalty kill, getting caught with too many men. We gave that power play goal back. There’s things that we’ve got to continue to get better at and the best part of these back-to-back situations is you get to go right back at it again tomorrow. 

FREDERIK ANDERSEN

Q. Kristen Shilton, TSN: What did Ottawa do tonight to make it tough on you guys?

Frederik Andersen: I think they capitalized on a little bit of a lapse in our game. I thought we had a really good first period, good moments in the rest of the game too, but they pushed back on us and I think we maybe invited them a little bit back in and it shows you tough it is to win in this league. You’ve got to have a full 60 minute effort from the net out through every player. I think it was a good lesson early on. I think we can use it and move forward from here on out. 

Q. Jonas Siegel, The Athletic: What kind of adjustment has it been for you not having preseason games to work off rust and everything like that as usual? 

Frederik Andersen: It’s not anything I can really control. I just try to do as much as I can in practice and obviously the one preseason game we had in intersquad just to take what you can get. That’s really all I can do. I can’t just imagine a preseason game. Just got to work the kinks out as we go and I know I have better for them too. That’s the positive. 

ZACH HYMAN

Q. Kristen Shilton, TSN: It seemed like you guys had some really good possession there in the second period. How do you think Ottawa stole the momentum that they were able to hold onto? 

Zach Hyman: Yeah, they just took advantage of our mental lapses. I think we got the second one, got out to a lead, and then took a couple shifts off there. Then they’re on the board and they get three in a row. You just can’t take any shifts off.

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: How do you feel like your line is coming together a couple of games in now?

Zach Hyman: Good. I think that we all play fast. We all play hard. I thought we had a strong game. I thought we played well on the boards. I thought we played well together. I really like playing with those guys.

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: How different does Ottawa look now versus the last time you saw them? 

Zach Hyman: We knew they were going to be competitive and hungry. They have young guys who want to make a stamp in the League. A lot of young guys, and they’ve got a good coach in D.J. (Smith) who we’re familiar with. They’re a team that’s going to be good. They’re young but they’re good. We have them again tomorrow so we’ll be prepared.

Q. Jonas Siegel, The Athletic: What strides do you think this team can make defensively? 

Zach Hyman: I think just being hard on pucks. I think we have all the tools there, I think we just need to do it every shift and do it continuously. I don’t think we’re good enough to take shifts off. That goes for all lines, I think everyone can be better. Everyone can be better defensively. Those mental lapses turn out to go into our net.

AUSTON MATTHEWS

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: Auston, you guys seemed to be in pretty good position up 2-1 in the second, where did things get away from you guys after that?  

Auston Matthews: I think we just kind of let our foot off the gas. I think we just were playing a little bit too loose and that’s a team that works hard, they’re not going to go away. That’s on all of us. We’ve got to make sure that we put our foot on the gas and no mercy. We can’t let up one bit because obviously this team, they’ve got speed, they’ve got skill and they work hard. 

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: How different do they look versus the team you last saw? It’s been a while for them playing. 

Auston Matthews: Same identity, you know what to expect every night. They’re going to work hard, they’re well coached, they’re not going to give you much time and space. Obviously, they’ve added some really good players, some young skill, some high draft picks. They’ve added another element to that team. That’s a good team. They hadn’t played a game in eight, nine months so we knew they were going to come out flying and we just let our foot off the gas.  

Q. Terry Koshan, Toronto Sun: The Kerfoot goal caps quite a long string of possession by you guys in the Sens’ end. How do you guys make that happen a little more often at 5-on-5 tomorrow night now do you think? 

Auston Matthews: I thought we had the puck quite a bit in their zone as far as possession goes. We had the puck quite a bit. I think trying to deliver it to the net like we did on that Kerfoot goal, getting more guys on the inside. I think we were a little bit too much perimeter tonight, but I think it’s just sticking with it, not letting our foot off the gas, like I said. That’s a good team over there and luckily we get another chance at them tomorrow. We’ve got to be ready to go.

JOHN TAVARES

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: Where did you see the game get away from the team? 

John Tavares: We just had a really poor response after we took the lead. We controlled a lot of the game obviously playing on their half of the ice. We got a big goal, but very poor response and then gave them life and we weren’t able to establish our game again. We got sloppy and it obviously led to too many good looks for them and then trying to dig yourself out of a three goal hole is difficult to do in this league. 

Q. Mark Masters, TSN: Sens haven’t played in a long time. How do they look to you versus the last time you saw them? 

John Tavares: They’ve obviously added some good players and have made some strong moves, they continue to develop a lot of the players they’ve been bringing in. We know they’re going to work and compete and there’s not going to be any easy nights against them. 

Senators 5, Maple Leafs 3: postgame notes

TORONTO MAPLE LEAFS (1-1-0 – 2 Points) vs.

OTTAWA SENATORS (1-0-0 – 2 Points)

SATURDAY, JANUARY 15, 2021

 123OTFINAL
TORONTO1113
OTTAWA1315

GAME SUMMARY         |           EVENT SUMMARY        |           FACEOFF SUMMARY

ON THE SCORESHEET

  • Zach Hyman put the Maple Leafs on the board with a power play goal at 9:59 of the first period. Hyman’s goal is his first of the season. He has points (1-1-2) in two consecutive games to begin the season. Hyman had two assists in two games against the Senators in 2019-20.
  • Alex Kerfoot scored Toronto’s second goal of the night at 9:15 of the second period. Kerfoot’s goal is his first of the season. In 65 games during the 2019-20 season he recorded nine goals and 19 assists. He has three goals and three assists in eight career games against Ottawa.
  • John Tavares registered the primary assist on Hyman’s first period goal and later scored the third Maple Leafs goal of the game on the power play at 7:07 of the third period. Tavares has goals (2), assists (3) and points (2-3-5) in two consecutive games. He has 12 points (five goals, seven assists) in 18 career games at Ottawa.
  • William Nylander collected the secondary assist on Hyman’s first period goal. Nylander has assists (2) and points (2-2-4) in two consecutive games. In 17 career games against Ottawa, he has recorded 15 points (4-11-15).
  • Justin Holl recorded the primary assist on Kerfoot’s second period goal. Holl has assists (2) in two consecutive games.
  • Ilya Mikheyev picked up the secondary assist on Kerfoot’s second period goal. Mikheyev’s assist is his first point of the season. He had eight goals and 15 assists in 39 games during the 2019-20 season.
  • Frederik Andersen stopped 19 of the 24 shots he faced in the loss.

SHOTS ON GOAL (5-on-5 in brackets)

 1st2nd3rdOTTOTAL
TORONTO8 (6)11 (9)4 (2)23 (17)
OTTAWA6 (3)9 (8)9 (7)24 (18)
      

SHOT ATTEMPTS (5-on-5 in brackets)

 1st2nd3rdOTTOTAL
TORONTO19 (12)21 (17)11 (5)51 (34)
OTTAWA12 (9)16 (15)17 (12)48 (39)

ON THE ROAD AGAIN

Record on the Road0-1-0 (1 Game)
All-Time Record vs. Ottawa  56-54-3-11 (124 Games)
All-Time Record vs. Ottawa on the Road25-32-1-4 (62 Games)

MAPLE LEAFS LEADERS

Shots(Kerfoot, Muzzin, Tavares)
Shot Attempts6 (Muzzin, Rielly)
Faceoff Wins(Matthews)
Faceoff Win Percentage100% (Hyman, Marner, Mikheyev)
Hits(Hyman, Muzzin, Bogosian)
Blocked Shots(Dermott)
Takeaways(Four players tied)
TOI25:02 (Marner)
Power Play TOI4:21 (Marner, Matthews)
Shorthanded TOI5:30 (Holl)
Shifts29 (Marner)
5-on-5 Shot Attempt Percentage60.0% (Muzzin – 15 for, 10 against)
  

RECORD WHEN…

Scoring first0-1-0
Tied after 10-1-0
Trail after 20-1-0
Score multiple power play goals1-1-0
Allow one power play goal0-1-0
Outshot by opponent0-1-0
Saturday0-1-0

OF NOTE…

  • The Maple Leafs went 4-for-5 on the penalty kill and 2-for-5 on the power play tonight.
  • Justin Holl, Zach Hyman, Alex Kerfoot, Ilya Mikheyev and Jake Muzzin were the lone Toronto skaters to not start a 5-on-5 shift in the offensive zone.
  • Mitch Marner and Auston Matthews were on the ice for a team-high 16 shot attempts at 5-on-5 tonight. Marner finished the game with a 5-on-5 shot attempt percentage of 48.5% (16 for, 17 against), while Matthews finished the game with a 5-on-5 shot attempt percentage of 51.6% (16 for, 15 against).

UPCOMING GAMES:

  • Saturday, January 16, 7:00 p.m. at Ottawa Senators (Sportsnet, TSN 1050)
  • Monday, January 18, 7:00 p.m. vs. Winnipeg Jets (Sportsnet Ontario, TSN 1050)
  • Wednesday, January 20, 7:00 p.m. vs. Edmonton Oilers (Sportsnet, FAN 590)
  • Friday, January 22, 7:00 p.m. vs. Edmonton Oilers (TSN4, TSN 1050)
  • Sunday, January 24, 4:00 p.m. at Calgary Flames (Sportsnet Ontario, FAN 590)

Stats reflect official NHL stats at the time of distribution. Please consult official NHL game sheets (links above) to confirm no statistical changes were made.